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Tuesday, June 25, 2024

Two vaccines efficient in opposition to hen flu


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Two of the 4 vaccines examined for his or her efficacy in opposition to HPAI (extremely pathogenic Avian Influenza) sort H5N1 hen flu are efficient below laboratory circumstances.

“The so-called HVT-H5 vaccines provide safety in opposition to illness signs in laying hens and forestall the unfold of the virus”,  mentioned Nancy Beerens, head of the Nationwide Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza. The vaccine research was carried out at Wageningen Bioveterinary Analysis, a part of Wageningen College & Analysis (WUR), in collaboration with Utrecht College, Royal GD and WUR, on behalf of the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Meals High quality (LNV).

Within the research, three fashionable vaccines have been examined in laying hens: HVT-H5 vaccine from Ceva Sante Animale; HVT-H5 vaccine from Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Well being; DNA-vaccine from Huvepharma. As well as, the Nobilis vaccine of Merck Sharp & Dome was included within the research. That is an older sort of vaccine and is the one vaccine at the moment registered as a two-dose vaccine within the Netherlands. The effectiveness of the Nobilis vaccine in opposition to the present hen flu virus has not been examined earlier than. On this research all vaccines have been utilized as a single dose.

“An vital choice criterium for the candidate vaccines is the chance to differentiate between animals which were vaccinated and animals that produce antibodies attributable to a hen flu an infection. With the three fashionable vaccines, this distinction may be made; they adjust to the so-called DIVA precept”, explains Nancy Beerens. The chosen vaccines are already in the marketplace in different international locations, or at a complicated stage of improvement. Nonetheless, whether or not these vaccines are efficient in stopping illness after an infection with the present HPAI H5N1 virus present in Europe and may forestall the unfold of the virus between laying hens was not examined earlier than.

Every vaccine was administered to 10 laying hens. Subsequently, 5 chickens have been contaminated with the hen flu virus. These have been grouped along with the 5 chickens that weren’t contaminated. This research design investigated whether or not the virus would unfold from contaminated chickens to uninfected chickens.

Each HVT-H5 vaccines have been discovered to be 100% efficient in stopping illness and mortality after an infection with the HPAI H5N1 virus. That is in distinction to the opposite two vaccines during which illness was noticed. The research confirmed that each HVT-H5 vaccines forestall virus unfold between chickens. For each these vaccines, the calculated replica ratio (R-value) was considerably decrease than 1. Additionally, each the replica ratios of those two vaccinated teams differed considerably from the management group. The one dose of Nobilis vaccine prevents virus transmission in one of many two teams, however this distinction was not vital in comparison with the management group.

“Our research reveals that each HVT-H5 vaccines are efficient below laboratory circumstances and forestall each illness and virus unfold. These vaccines adjust to the DIVA precept and are due to this fact good candidates for additional analysis in observe”, says Beerens. HVT-H5 vaccines may be administered within the egg or to day-old chicks within the hatchery.

The outcomes of the performed research can’t be extrapolated to the sphere. “It is very important examine whether or not the vaccines work properly below subject circumstances in poultry farms, how lengthy the vaccines defend, and whether or not one vaccination is ample”. The Dutch Ministry of LNV has commissioned a subject research that may begin this summer season. As well as, the vaccines nonetheless need to be registered within the Netherlands and the European Union. “There are nonetheless some hurdles to beat, however the outcomes of our analysis are an vital first step in the direction of vaccination in opposition to the hen flu virus in poultry”, says Beerens.

Supply: Wageningen College & Analysis

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